Why solar energy is not popular in Malaysia? Solar is neither controllable or dispatchable, which adds to the difficulties, as opposed to conventional plants, which can be managed as needed. Thus, once solar energy is created, it must be integrated into the power system as soon as possible.
- 0.1 Why solar panels are not popular in Malaysia?
- 1 Is Malaysia good for solar energy?
- 2 Why is solar energy is not used widely?
- 3 Can you sell electricity back to the grid in Malaysia?
- 4 How does solar energy work in Malaysia?
- 5 Why renewable energy is important in Malaysia?
- 6 Is solar panel worth it in Malaysia?
- 7 Can solar panel run car?
What are the challenges of having solar energy in Malaysia?
Malaysia has very high cloud cover and this results in high intermittency of solar output. This intermittency requires further support from the grid system particularly conventional power plants to ensure continuous energy supply to customers.
Why solar panels are not popular in Malaysia?
Lightyear One, a Dutch electric car that can be charged by the sun The premise is quite simple – Malaysia has a very hot and humid tropical climate. In the afternoon, the surface temperature on an unsheltered car’s roof is hot enough to fry an egg. So why can’t car manufacturers, especially our (quasi) national brands Proton and Perodua, come out with a simple, affordable electric vehicle (EV) with roof-mounted solar panels that will charge the car’s traction battery? Lightyear One adds 12 km of driving range for every 1 hour it’s parked under the sun Think about this, the bulk of an EV’s cost is its battery, so if an EV can be charged as it drives along under the sun, wouldn’t it also means that it can make do with a smaller, cheaper battery? Also, if you can charge an EV simply by parking under the sun, why would you need to be bothered by the lack of public charging facilities? MG ‘s plant in Chon Buri, Thailand has a 4.8 MW solar farm integrated into its car park area. It’s one of the biggest solar projects in Thailand Better still, why can’t we build EV chargers that are powered by the sun? This way, the EV charger will rely less on the power grid, which in Malaysia, more than 80 percent of our electricity come from dirty fossil fuels. Sources of electricity for Malaysia. Shifting to EVs is meaningless if Malaysia doesn’t invest in renewable energy Also read : Are electric vehicles (EV) truly cleaner than combustion-engine cars? Like many things in life, if you have a brilliant idea and wondered why no one else has commercialized it yet, it’s probably because it’s actually a very stupid idea.
Weird but true, Malaysian sun is not very good for solar power This might sound counter-intuitive, but actually Malaysia is not a very good place for photovoltaic solar panels to work, because our sun’s rays are too weak. Yes, that’s not a typo. Remember that we are not talking about solar-powered water heaters (those don’t generate electricity, only store heat, works very well here), but electricity-generating photovoltaic panels.
Photovoltaic solar panels work on an entirely different principle. Light intensity, not heat, is all that matters. UMW Toyota Motor’s ASSB plant in Bukit Raja, Klang has a 2 MW solar array Specifically, photovoltaic panels work on the principle of photons – the atoms of light – knocking electrons on a silicon semiconductor’s p-n junction. If a photon strikes an electron hard enough to knock an electron into the next energy band, electricity is generated. Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park in Dubai, supplies power to Emirates Global Aluminium, which makes aluminium for BMW If you’ve experienced Australian sun, even in cold seasons, you will understand how bright the sun can be. Their sun is not hot, but it’s so bright that it’s hard to walk outdoors without a sunglass, that’s the kind of sunlight solar panels need. Sunlight intensity in Malaysia is actually lower than even Florida in USA. Source: World Bank Solar radiation is measured in units of Watt per square metre, or Watt-hour per square metre, when it’s integrated over a period of time. In Malaysia, our sunlight intensity averages around 4.75 kWh/m 2, That’s only slightly better than the four weather-seasons USA’s 4.58 kWh/m 2, Malaysia’s solar power potential, 4.75 kWh/m 2, Source: World Bank Australia on the other hand, averages around 5.35 kWh/m2. These are according to the World Bank’s Global Photovoltaic Power Potential study. Australia has a considerably higher potential solar power. Source: World Bank The other reason why solar panels generate less power in Malaysia is because our sky has many clouds and a solar panel’s efficiency drops considerably if it doesn’t get direct sunlight. Malaysia’s Solarvest’s 13 MW floating solar farm in Dengkil is one of the biggest in the region The trick is to optimize a solar panel’s placement. Solar panels work best in the northern region of Peninsular Malaysia, where sunlight is the most intense.
Is Malaysia good for solar energy?
Top In Tech: Green Wash or Green Tech? – Is solar nice to have or a must have in Malaysia’s energy mix? Solar energy has become one of the primary sources of renewable energy and widely used for different purposes. This means that there is plenty of it to go around because it is an energy source that won’t run out (not for another few billion years anyway).
- Fossil fuels on the other hand are a finite source of energy, and one that we damage the planet with when we mine and distribute it.
- By relying on solar panels, you are one less household or business that is relying on fossil fuels, and it can make a bigger impact than you might think.
- Solar advocates today are coming onboard to promote the renewable energy (RE) source, claiming that it is more affordable and readily available.
of the Top In Tech series titled Green Wash or Green Tech? – Is solar nice to have or a must have in Malaysia’s energy mix? sought to delve into the progress of the Malaysian solar sector, addressing limitations and barriers to adopting solar tech and how we can propel the solar energy ecosystem locally.
- Hosted by Karamjit Singh, the guest panelists were Dato’ (Dr.) Ir.
- Guntor Tobeng, Group MD, Gading Kencana Sdn Bhd, Davis Chong, Executive Director and Group CEO, Solarvest and Edward Clayton, Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
- Malaysia is a country with a suitable climate for solar water-heating systems and solar electricity generation.
It has a high solar energy radiation potential, with the average amount of daily sunshine ranging from six to eight hours. Many homes using solar energy systems can easily heat their water and use energy without racking up high energy bills. This situation has made Malaysia an enviable nation with regards to its high potential for solar energy systems,” said Dato’ (Dr.) Ir.
Guntor. It is time that Malaysians focus on solar projects to create clean and renewable energy. From your refrigerator to your air conditioner, solar panels can power all of it. According to Edward, some of the approaches to make solar more useful is focusing on itsenergy storage and management solutions such as with batteries, pumped storage/compressed air storage, electric vehicle charging using smart meters, water pre-chilling, smart air-con, domestic appliances for peak slicing, smart dispatch techniques and others.
Batteries in solar panels Most people rely on electricity from the power grid to supplement their solar-generated power. But residential solar energy systems paired with battery storage provide power regardless of the weather or the time of day without having to rely on backup power from the grid.
- Battery storage lets you leverage low-cost energy that has already been generated and stored, ensuring your rates stay low and don’t affect your monthly budget.
- Davis pointed out that Malaysia has always had a clear policy and guidelines such as Feed-in Tariff (FiT), Net energy metering (NEM), Large Scale Solar (LSS), which is one of the best policies in South East Asia.
However, our country is still too conservative in implementing these technologies. Hence, it is time our country takes the next step in enhancing these implementations. Key Takeaways “We have tax incentives now, so don’t leave your rooftop to be empty.
Solar power shines a light on the great opportunity we have to tackle our nation’s carbon footprint, while investing in the economic well-being of communities across our country with new solar projects,” Davis concluded. “Renewables and solar are a very important part of Malaysia’s energy mix. Moving forward, these are something we need to embrace and take advantage of not just building a solution for our energy but also building an industry that we can export worldwide,” concluded Edward.
“While we discuss the growth of solar energy systems, we also have to take note of the solar equipment waste at the same time. We must have a solar PV waste policy and more environmentally friendly battery waste. Growing PV panel waste presents a new environmental challenge, but also unprecedented opportunities to create value and pursue new economic avenues,” concluded Dato’ (Dr.) Ir.
Why is solar energy is not used widely?
By: Marwan Alrawas Over the last few years, the world has been shifting its focus to renewable energy in an effort to mitigate the effects of climate change. Major components of the renewable energy transition have been solar panels and solar farms. The utility and resourcefulness of these solar panels have been much talked about; and the panels have been portrayed as the gateway out of conventional energy.
- For this much talk about their benefits, it is important to discuss why they are not as common as they should be.
- Solar panels, which are sometimes referred to as photovoltaic (PV) panels, are panels that consist of solar cells that are used to collect and convert sunlight into electricity for power generation.
These solar cells are made up of silicon semiconductors consisting of a negative layer and a positive layer opposite to each other. These layers create an electric field and generate direct current (DC) electricity. In domestic applications, solar panels can achieve around 20% solar efficiency, meaning that it can convert 20% of the sunlight it collects into usable electricity.
Solar panels have numerous advantages along with some disadvantages. The biggest advantage of solar panels is the fact that they are clean and carbon free; they do not contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Another major advantage of solar energy is that it is renewable; this form of energy is sustainable and, quite literally, endless.
Other advantages of solar panels include, but are not limited to, their diverse application and their low maintenance costs. The installation of solar panels is also creating new jobs in the renewable energy sector. On the other hand, one of the disadvantages of solar panels is that solar panels are weather dependent.
- However, most panels come equipped with batteries that store electricity for later use.
- Another drawback for solar panels is that, due to their low efficiency, they require large areas for installation; however, with advancing technology in this field, solar efficiency is expected to increase in the coming years.
A number of factors have been holding back solar panels from becoming a leading source of energy in world. The first being the cost; the initial capital cost required for installation is very high relative to other energy sources. There is a positive return on investment (ROI) in the future; however, it is slow and can take up to a few years.
- This eliminates demographics, such as low-income households, from being solar panel owners.
- It also makes it an unattractive business prospect to build large solar farms or even produce solar panels.
- Recently, a project to build a solar farm that would supply 15% of Europe’s power failed because the cost of power transmission did not drop as quickly as the price of solar panels.
Currently, producing electricity from solar panels is 2 to 3 times more expensive than from hydro, coal, or nuclear energy sources. However, things are looking up as the price of solar panels has decreased almost 65% in the last decade. A second factor is the overall grid infrastructure.
The available power grid infrastructure was built to work with consistent power generation levels and these grids may not be able to cope with the inconsistency of solar energy. Another factor that reduces the competitiveness of solar energy is how often electricity is produced; also known as its capacity factor.
Generally, a solar farm runs at 15% capacity. For reference, a coal plant can operate at up to 80 % capacity. There are a number of solutions that can allow the solar energy sector to thrive and still be part of the conversation decades down the line. Large, efficient batteries can be used to store the excess power through the night and on cloudy/rainy days.
These batteries are relatively expensive, but there has been a downward trend in its price over the years. Another solution involves merging other forms of renewable energy (i.e. wind or hydro) with solar energy to provide consistent power generation that satisfies the requirements of existing power grids.
It is important to continue searching for solutions that accelerate the growth of the renewable energy sector. Addressing the challenges that stand in the way of the progress of solar energy and, in general renewable energy, is the first step to realizing their huge potential.
Is Malaysia using renewable energy?
Malaysia’s renewable energy outlook 2022 Malaysia’s renewable energy outlook 2022 18 Jan 2022 GLOBALLY, we are witnessing an ongoing worldwide energy shortage, environmental crisis and rising raw renewable energy (RE) material costs. Along with this, we see rising concern for climate change and sustainability, increased governance (ESG) considerations.
- At the recent 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), the world targets to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C, with over 100 countries making net-zero 2050 commitments including Malaysia, alongside the USA, Australia and Europe.
- As Plus Xnergy enters its 10th year of providing solar solutions in Malaysia, we have witnessed a vast change in the renewables landscape from complex, inefficient systems of the past to modern solar setups complimented with rapidly improving technologies such as AIoT.
Whilst there are other renewable energy options such as hydro and wind, Malaysia has some of the world’s highest solar potential due to its location in the equatorial zone. In addition, solar is now the cheapest form of electricity in a host of countries.
- This year, we foresee increased household solar adoption, a drive towards carbon neutrality and increased support from the government to spur the renewable energy industry.
- The rise of affordable solar for Malaysian households In spite of the recent solar PV manufacturing cost spike due to the pandemic, looking back at the past decade, solar systems have actually seen an 85% cost decline.
There has been a considerable increase in efficiency from 2% in 1955 to over 20% today. There are no signs that the efficiency would stop increasing whilst the cost of solar energy has been decreasing, a major reason why homeowners are increasingly interested in installing solar PV systems.
With an untapped potential of 3.2 million landed houses, the potential for adoption is certainly great in Malaysia. However, consumers’ main barrier to adoption is still the upfront cost, followed by low awareness of existing government initiatives as residential solar uptake has been markedly lower than in businesses.
At Plus Xnergy, we are addressing this through a first for Malaysia and Southeast Asia. Raising awareness and widening access to home owners through a rent-to-own scheme which makes solar affordable whilst allowing for up to 90% monthly bill savings. Instead of monthly grid electricity payments, users now can divert this expense to offset the solar setup’s cost, resulting in minimal to zero increases in monthly expenses, depending on their consumption.
With this we are witnessing a surge in interest and foresee a rise in residential solar in 2022. Carbon neutral goals Malaysia’s carbon neutral goal by 2050 places it ahead of its Southeast Asian peers in carbon commitments; Indonesia aims for net zero emissions by 2060, whilst Thailand by 2070. A recent initiative in the 12th Malaysia Plan highlights carbon tax credits, taxing companies burning fossil fuels by volume or weight of emissions.
With its coming implementation, businesses will leverage sustainable practices to avoid these costs. An encouraging example is Bursa Malaysia and its goal to be carbon neutral by 2022, with Shell and Petronas on similar journeys. At Plus Xnergy, we have assisted manufacturers such as Ajiya Group of Companies, Mah Sing Plastics Industries and Kawan Food in adopting solar to reduce carbon emissions, which in turn lowers their energy bills whilst providing an attractive return on investment, making both environmental and economic sense.
We foresee more businesses inclining towards clean energy as carbon taxation will effectively make emissions reductions a necessity to retain a competitive advantage.To achieve this ambitious goal, government initiatives are pertinent as both the private and public sectors will have to work together to realize this vision. Efficient government RE initiatives to spur RE industry
Policies such as Net Energy Metering (NEM) 3.0, Smart Automation Grants (SAG), and Green Investment Tax (Gita) have been helpful in allowing the clean energy industry in Malaysia to thrive. The NEM allows electricity bill rebates with solar setups leading to attractive ROI offers.
The scheme’s quota for businesses, NEM Net Offset Virtual Aggregation, was quickly oversubscribed proving its popularity. The Gita and capital allowance are great motivators for business owners as they are eligible for these tax allowances of up to 48%. Bank Negara Malaysia also allocated RM1 billion to assist small medium enterprises (SME) in adopting sustainable and low carbon practices.
In terms of technology, the SAG’s RM100 million allocation has hastened the rate of automation and digitisation, channelled to the manufacturing and services industry. It has helped adopters towards installing smart AIoT energy solutions which translate insights into energy saving.
A push towards adopting IR4.0 is definitely the way forward as energy efficiency is slowly shaping the future of manufacturing. All these efforts are pertinent and we are hopeful that the government will extend and roll out further initiatives in 2022. Malaysia’s energy transition To achieve its goals, a well-managed transition to a low-carbon economy is pivotal through concerted efforts from the private and public sectors.
This will spur various sectors, creating new jobs and opportunities whilst contributing to GDP. Whilst Malaysia pushes on with its energy transition, we feel the pace can be speed up as our ambitious climate action goals come with the hefty challenge of decarbonising a fossil fuel-reliant economy.
Why Malaysia contributes less wind power capacity?
INTRODUCTION In recent years, the Malaysian Government has attempted to enhance the utilisation of renewable energy (” RE “) which aims to conserve the non-renewable sources from being depleted and to ensure the sustainability of energy supply. RE is included in the Fifth Fuel Policy which was implemented under the 8th and 9th Malaysia Plan as the fifth component along with hydro, coal, gas and oil.1 Currently, the recognised sources of RE in Malaysia are biogas, biomass, small hydropower and solar photo-voltaic (” PV “).2 Unlike the aforementioned RE, wind energy has yet to be approved as a source of the nation’s RE, as will be elaborated further below.
- Nonetheless, the Government has begun to look at the potential of including wind energy as one of the eligible energy for generating electricity in Malaysia.
- In 2017, the former Minister of Energy, Green Technology and Water, Datuk Seri Dr.
- Maximus Ongkili (Datuk Seri Dr.
- Maximus) said that the Government sought to explore wind energy to lessen carbon footprint and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.3 This is also supported by the statement made by Tun Dr.
Mahathir Mohamad in 2019, who was the Prime Minister of Malaysia at the time, in a dialogue session in Beijing, where he proclaimed that the Government has proposed to build wind turbines in the sea on the East Coast of Malaysia.4 However, the implementation to include wind energy as one of the nation’s RE is not as straightforward as it may seem.
- Hence, this article will cover the wind energy landscape in Malaysia including the current regulatory framework and factors contributing to the development of wind energy in Malaysia.
- REGULATORY FRAMEWORK OF WIND ENERGY IN MALAYSIA The regulatory body who is responsible for the development of the regulatory framework for wind energy in Malaysia is Sustainable Energy Development Authority (” SEDA “) which was formed under the Sustainable Energy Development Authority Act 2011 with key responsibilities for the promotion and implementation of RE, and the implementation and management of feed-in tariff scheme (” FiT “) 5 which is mandated under the Renewable Energy Act 2011.
Under the existing framework, SEDA is to work along with: (a) Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (” KeTSA “) KeTSA is the ministry that is responsible for matters relating to, among others, energy and natural resources. (b) Energy Commission (” EC “) EC was established under the Energy Commission Act 2001 that is responsible for regulating energy sector, including but without limitation to the supply of electricity, in Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah.
- Legislations and Regulations Relevant legislations for wind energy are listed down as follows: (a) Renewable Energy Act 2011 (” REA “) REA is the main legislation that governs the legal framework for RE in Malaysia.
- In addition to REA, there are subsidiary rules, regulations and guidelines administered by SEDA pursuant to REA through the implementation of FiT.
However, as previously mentioned, wind energy is a RE resource that has yet to attain recognition as an eligible RE under the REA. Section 2 of the REA defines ‘renewable energy’ as electricity generated or produced from renewable resources. ‘Renewable resources’ is further defined under the same section as follows: “the recurring and non-depleting indigenous resources or technology as set out in the first column of the Schedule” It is observed from the first column of the Schedule of the REA that wind does not fall within the category of renewable resources under the REA.
The Schedule only recognizes biogas, biomass, small hydropower and solar PV as renewable resources. This may be due to the fact that the wind energy has yet to be fully examined and verified.6 The Government is still assessing to determine the possibility of including wind energy in its FiT scheme under the REA.7 The deliberateness of wind energy development in Malaysia may be caused by various factors including lack of incentives from the Government in promoting wind energy, the absence of strong political will, lack of robust regulatory framework and the location of Malaysia which is situated in a low wind speed region 8, as will be further explained below.
(b) Energy Commission Act 2011 (” ECA “) Though REA is the principal statute governing RE in Malaysia, there is another relevant legislation named ECA which governs the technical, safety and implementation of regulations related to electricity sector.9 Unlike REA which confines the resources of RE to biogas, biomass, small hydropower and solar PV, ‘renewable energy’ is given a broader meaning under Section 2 of the ECA as follows: “energy which is not depleted when used and includes energy obtained from energy sources such as biomass, hydro power, solar power, geothermal power, wind power, waves and tides” Therefore, wind energy is one of the resources for RE in general, and thus may potentially be one of the eligible RE for generation of electricity in Malaysia.
C) Electricity Supply Act 1990 (” ESA “) Apart from REA and ECA, ESA is also relevant to the RE sector. The ESA regulates a number of aspects of the electricity supply industry, including: 10 (i) the supply of electricity at reasonable prices; (ii) licensing, registration and control of any electric installation, plant and equipment with respect to matters relating to the safety of persons; and (iii) efficiency use of electricity.
DEVELOPMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN MALAYSIA Malaysia is generally known to experience a low wind speed area as compared to other countries. As Malaysia’s mean annual wind speed is low at no more than 2 m/s, wind energy has not been successfully harnessed since most of wind turbines need a minimum speed of 4 m/s for electricity generation.11 Though many areas in Malaysia are not suitable for wind energy, the general assumption is that some locations may have good potential for wind energy generation especially at the coastal area and windier places.
Studies conducted at Kuala Terengganu, Mersing and Kudat exhibited wind energy potential.12 However, the implementation of wind energy in these areas might not be as straightforward as it would seem, as the wind speed varies significantly from season to season due to the monsoons.13 Wind Study Projects in Malaysia Wind turbines in Malaysia have been installed for educational and research purposes only as the Government is still assessing to determine the wind energy potential as one of the nation’s RE.
To date, there are no wind energy projects that have been executed for electricity generation in Malaysia. The list of wind turbines installed in Malaysia are as follows: (a) 150 kW of wind turbine at Pulau Terumbu Layang-Layang, Sabah, the first wind turbine in Malaysia was installed by Tenaga Nasional Berhad (” TNB “) in 1995.
- It was discovered that Pulau Terumbu Layang-Layang possesses the greatest wind energy potential compared to other places in Malaysia; 14 (b) 100 kW of wind turbines hybridized with 100 kW solar PV and 100 kW diesel at Perhentian Island, Terengganu.
- However, findings showed that it was not convincing enough for wind energy to be successfully generated there.15 Moreover, it has been reported that the turbines have stopped working due to some issues; 16 (c) 3.3 kW to 25 kW of wind turbines at Kudat, Kuching, Kuala Perlis and Terengganu.
However, the results of these projects were never published; 17 and (d) 3.3 kW of wind turbine in Setiu, Terengganu conducted by Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. Findings showed the application of the wind turbine to supply electricity had been expected to help a shrimp farm industry in reducing the high operation cost.18 In 2009, TNB collaborated with Argentina’s giant utility firm, Industrias Metalurgicas Pescarmona S.A (” IMPSA “) to explore the wind energy potential in Malaysia.
IMPSA became part of a Malaysian committee that was formed to develop a wind energy programme in Malaysia. IMPSA had estimated that Malaysia has the capacity to generate between 500 to 2,000 MW of power from wind energy. Unfortunately, the arrangement did not materialised.19 Subsequently, several studies and researches were conducted to study the potential of wind energy but many of the studies were not sufficiently comprehensive.20 Despite the shortcomings in the research projects and proposed collaboration, the Government is still continuing its effort to study the potential of wind energy in Malaysia.
In 2017, Datuk Seri Dr. Maximus Ongkili mentioned that Sabah, in particular, Kudat and Kota Marudu have been identified for wind energy development based on studies conducted by Universiti Malaysia Terengganu and other power agencies in China and Thailand.
- It was noted that 300 MW of wind energy could be generated.
- Plans have been made to set up a research centre for RE in Kudat, which would be supported by local universities and Asean energy institutes.21 Lack of Government’s Support and Initiative As mentioned earlier, the FiT scheme that was introduced in 2011 to aid RE development in Malaysia does not offer support for wind energy, as the FiT scheme has yet to recognise wind as a renewable resource.
The Government provides other incentives in the form of investment tax allowance for the purchase of green technology assets and income tax exemption for the use of green technology services and system.22 However, it is noted that ‘wind’ as a source of RE is not recognised under the qualifying activities for the purposes of application for the said incentives.23 The only financing support for wind power plant projects granted by the Government is Green Technology Financing Scheme 2.0 (” GTFS 2.0 “).
GTFS 2.0 was provided as a special financing scheme to support the development of green technology in Malaysia for energy supply and utilisation sector including wind energy plant. For this, the Government allocated RM2.0 billion for the period of January 2019 until the end of 2020. The scheme offers a 2% p.a interest/profit rate subsidy for the first 7 years and 60% Government guarantee of green component cost.
Wind energy plants have been listed as one of the projects that are eligible to apply for GTFS 2.0. Unlike the other incentives by the Government, GTFS 2.0 is the only incentive which is available for wind energy projects.24 This may be due to the reason as discussed above, that is, the geographic location of Malaysia which seems to be unfavourable for developing wind energy.
In addition, the absence of strong political will could also be the reason as to the lack of regulatory framework and incentives for wind energy. It is worth noting that China has the most installed wind energy capacity of 114,609 MW in the world and is also aiming to develop wind energy in lower wind speed areas.
The success China has made in the wind energy sector was possible due to the strong political support received by their government.25 In Malaysia, there has been strong political bias particularly on fossil fuels as those are still heavily subsidised.
The economy and politics of fossil fuels seem to dictate the future of RE development in Malaysia for the worse.26 A clear dependence on political will similar to China must be observed in Malaysia. Nonetheless, Malaysia is deliberately progressing towards the growth of RE and its industry in Malaysia.
SEDA is currently working on the nation’s Renewable Energy Transition Roadmap 2035 (” RETR 2035 “) to include the strategic roadmap to support the current government’s aspiration in achieving 20% RE target in the national installed capacity mix by 2025 as well as to determine the future of the electricity scenario at 2035.27 The outcome of the RETR is to be part of the 12th Malaysia Plan (2021-2025).28 CONCLUSION Malaysia is actively progressing towards transitioning into RE.
However, the regulatory support for RE in Malaysia is at an early stage, particularly for the wind energy sector, since the FiT scheme for wind energy is yet to be included and recognised as one of the RE resources. Currently, GTFS 2.0 is the only financial support that is available for wind energy projects in Malaysia.
This could be due to the fact that Malaysia is situated in a low wind speed region and therefore faces greater challenges in developing wind energy.29 Although it has been suggested that wind turbines could potentially be generated in the East Coast, such suggestion is still at development stage and has yet to be approved, as the Government is still assessing the wind energy potential in Malaysia.
- Careful assessment of wind map and research on energy harnessing technology should be conducted further.
- However, this would require greater support from the Government to enable the potential of wind energy to be explored with success in Malaysia.
- Another effort that can be considered is by reviewing the existing legislations and regulations for RE in order to prioritize the development of wind energy nationally.
A starting point for this may be for the recognition of wind as one of renewable resources under the REA as well as making the FiT scheme available to wind energy projects in order to make it more viable in Malaysia. ————- 1. Lim Chin Haw, Elias Salleh and Philip Jones, Renewable Energy Policy and Initiatives in Malaysia, ALAM CIPTA, Intl.J.
on Sustainable Tropical Design Research & Practice, Vol.1, (Issue 1) December 2006, pp 33-40.2. Section 2 and Schedule of the REA.3. Sabah looks to wind and solar energy to reduce carbon footprint, The Star, 30 June 2017 retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2017/06/30/sabah-looks-to-wind-and-solar-energy-to-reduce-carbon-footprint,4.
Wong Ee Lin, Malaysia mulling setting up wind turbines in the East Coast – Dr Mahathir, The Star, 25 April 2019.5. FiT scheme was first introduced on 1st December 2011 in peninsular Malaysia whereby it obliges Distribution Licensees (” DLs “), which are companies holding the license to distribute electricity such as TNB to buy from Feed-In Approval Holders (” FIAHs “), which could be an individual or a company who holds a feed-in approval certificate issued by SEDA.
- The holder is eligible to sell RE at the FiT rate.
- The DLs will pay for renewable energy supplied to the electricity grid for a specific duration.
- The FiT ensures RE becomes a viable long-term investment for companies and individuals.6.
- National Renewable Energy Policy and Action Plan 2011.7.
- Lip Wah Ho, Wind energy in Malaysia: Past, present and future, January 2016.8.
Ibid.9. Section 14 of the ECA.10. Section 4 of ESA.11. Dr. Chinnasamy Palanichamy, Curtin Sarawak exploring wind energy as potential energy source of Malaysia, Curtin University Malaysia, 2015.12. Ibid.13. Firdaus Basrawi, Izwan Ismail & ors, A study on the Power Generation Potential of Mini Wind Turbine in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, AIP Publishing, 28 March 2017.14.
- Aliashim Albani & Mohd Zamri Ibrahim, Wind Energy Potential and Power Law Indexes Assessment for Selected Near-Coastal Sites in Malaysia, 5 March 2017.15. Ibid.16.
- Lip Wah Ho, Wind energy in Malaysia: Past, present and future, January 2016.17.
- Aliashim Albani & Mohd Zamri Ibrahim, Wind Energy Potential and Power Law Indexes Assessment for Selected Near-Coastal Sites in Malaysia, 5 March 2017.18.
Aliashim Albani & Mohd Zamri Ibrahim, Wind Energy Potential and Power Law Indexes Assessment for Selected Near-Coastal Sites in Malaysia, 5 March 2017.19. Lip Wah Ho, Wind energy in Malaysia: Past, present and future, January 2016.20. Ibid.21. Sabah looks to wind and solar energy to reduce carbon footprint, The Star, 30 June 2017 retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2017/06/30/sabah-looks-to-wind-and-solar-energy-to-reduce-carbon-footprint,22.
- Retrieved from http://www.seda.gov.my/policies/other-related-fiscal-incentives/,23.
- Retrieved from https://www.mida.gov.my/home/administrator/system_files/modules/photo/uploads/20180919092750_GT_GD18092018.pdf,24.
- Retrieved from https://www.gtfs.my/page/project-eligibility-criteria-energy-sector,25.
Lip Wah Ho, Wind energy in Malaysia: Past, present and future, January 2016.26. Ibid.27. Retrieved from http://www.seda.gov.my/2020/01/seda-malaysia-a-report-card-2019-strengthens-the-growth-of-renewable-energy-and-its-industry-in-malaysia/ 28. Energy Commission, Towards a World-Class Energy Sector, Vol.18, 4 March 2019.29.
Is solar panel illegal in Malaysia?
Wait, How Legal is Solar for My Home in Malaysia? Sound familiar? Looking to invest in clean energy but not sure whether it’s legal? We got news for you, it’s more than legal, as there is a whole scheme around it to encourage the adoption of clean energy.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have been legal in Malaysia since 2011 with various schemes set up by the government to encourage its uptake. For homeowners, the government has allocated a quota of 100MW up to the 31 st December 2023 in the NEM Rakyat category under the Net Energy Metering 3.0 scheme (NEM 3.0) to provide more opportunities to consumers to install solar PV systems for their homes so they can enjoy lower energy costs.
Under NEM Rakyat, the energy produced from the solar PV system on the homeowner’s roof will be consumed first, and any excess will then be exported to the national grid in the form of credit in the homeowner’s TNB account. The credits earned will be used to offset part of the homeowner’s electricity bill on a “one-to-one” basis for a period of ten (10) years.
Solar PV systems are now a mature technology with a proven track record of reliability and scalability both locally and globally. Hence, with NEM Rakyat in place, solar PV systems have become more feasible for homeowners to install as long as they live on landed property and have sufficient roof space for the installation.
Not only can homeowners reap the benefits of this attractive scheme but also enjoy the many benefits of owning a solar PV system which include:
- Energy bill savings of up to 90%
- Positive return of investment (ROI) due to the attractive scheme available
- The comprehensive after-sales service package for peace of mind,
- Lower carbon footprint
- Increase the value of your property
- And more!
- Get to know more about the schemes in Malaysia that make solar energy legal for your home and make the most out of it!
- What do I need to be aware of when it comes to governmental facilitation?
- NEM Rakyat is regulated by the Energy Commission of Malaysia (EC), with Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA) Malaysia as the implementing agency.
- To be eligible to be enrolled in NEM Rakyat, the homeowner will need to fulfill the following:
- A registered consumer of TNB or a person applying to be a consumer of TNB.
- Subscriber of Tariff A: Domestic Tariff.
- Not a delinquent who has not paid their bills or is involved in a meter tampering case.
- Renewable energy shall only be generated from solar PV.
What documents are needed for this scheme, and will it be a hectic and long process? To apply for this scheme, the only documents you will need are:
- Identification card (MyKad)
- Your energy bills
- Photocopy of the Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA) of the premise
- Photocopy of land title
- Photocopy of the quit rent bill
- Marriage certificate (if the property is under the spouse’s name)
- Birth certificate (if the property is under the parent’s, child’s, or sibling’s name)
All in all, your clean energy solutionist will take care of all these submissions for you to ensure the application goes as smoothly as possible, leading to the importance of engaging a solutionist who provides end-to-end service from a technical feasibility study to commissioning the system.
- Ensure your clean energy solutionist has been in the business to have an impressionable and proven track record in installation, authority approvals and maintenance.
- Ensure your clean energy solutionist possesses the required regulatory permits/approvals to design and install solar PV systems in Malaysia.
- Ensure your clean energy solutionist is familiar and complies with the necessary local regulations throughout the entire process.
Flexible payment options:
- Financial commitments can seem like a drag but there are more payment options that allow you to pay as you go.
- Clean energy solutionists will have options for you to purchase the solutions outright that are usually paid through cash or bank loan. However, as a clean energy solutionist who understands the need for consumers to have flexible financing options, Plus Xnergy has payment methods that suit your lifestyle from outright, hybrid to Malaysia’s first Rent-To-Own solar PV programme, Xnergy Home, where you can own a solar PV system from RM398 per month.
Determine the suitability of your roof:
Determine whether your roof is suitable for solar PV installation through available online tools designed to help you with this assessment and make the necessary steps. These help you to visualise the size of the solar PV system, pricing and energy consumption.
One example of these online tools is, where you can design your own solar PV system by locating your address and adding the amount of your recent monthly energy bills.
What can I expect from the financial returns of my solar PV system? Wondering about the long-term returns of the solar PV system and concerned about the upfront cost of the system? The financial returns of the solar PV system for homes can be as early as 5 years, especially under a rent-to-own program like Xnergy Home, and thanks to attractive schemes such as NEM Rakyat.
However, the financial returns can differ on a case-to-case basis. As solar PV systems are perceived to be costly with the choices of getting a bank loan and down payment, you can now take it easy with Malaysia’s first Rent-To-Own solar PV programme, Xnergy Home, that comes at no upfront cost, inclusive of 5 years of worry-free maintenance services and enables the homeowner to save up to 90% of their monthly energy bill! Case Study: How En.
Zul Enjoyed Lowering Energy Bills With Xnergy Home One of our clients, Mr. Zulkarnian, was experiencing high electricity consumption of up to RM500 per month when his kids moved back home. Electricity usage increased from activities like charging electric vehicles and heavy usage of air-conditioning.
When he heard solar energy could help him save but it required heavy upfront cost, that’s when he discovered our Rent-To-Own solar programme with RM0 down payment that allows him to save huge electricity bills without burning a hole in his pocket. En. Zul has been able to enjoy a hassle-free journey for him due to the quick approval process, which comes with industry-leading, inclusive worry-free maintenance services throughout the contract period.
Thinking about installing a solar PV system for your home but not so sure about navigating the process? Make your switch to solar energy a seamless and hassle-free journey with an end-to-end clean energy solutionist who takes care of authority liaison and worry-free inclusive warranties.
What renewable energy does Malaysia use?
Among them, the Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water state that the huge potential renewable energy at Malaysia is biomass and solar energy.3. Renewable energy in Malaysia.
|RE type||Tariff (RM/kWh)||Duration (Year)|
Can you sell electricity back to the grid in Malaysia?
Benefits of NOVA Programme –
- The energy generated by NOVA consumers will be consumed first which implies that less energy will be imported from the utility.
- Under this programme, any excess energy generated will be exported to the utility grid and will be credited based on the Average SMP. The priority is for self-consumption, however some premise which are not operating during the weekends or public holiday may have excess energy exported to the grid. The credit amount in the month can be used to offset bill payment for the next Billing Period.
- NOVA allows any excess Energy produced in a month which is not consumed by the NOVA Consumer to be exported up to three (3) Designated Premise via the Supply System. It will enhance the cost efficiency and maximizing the use of Energy produced by the solar PV Installation.
Any person who uses, works or operates the installation shall require a license as stipulated under the ST Guidelines On Licensing Under Section 9 Of The Act. Licensing requirements are only applicable for solar PV system installation above 24kW for single phase and above 72kW for three phase.
How does solar energy work in Malaysia?
Learn about Solar | Yongyang Solaroof – Solar Energy & Roofing Malaysia How Solar System Works?
- Solar Panels converts Sunlight into Electricity energy.
- The Solar Inverter converts the electricity produced by the solar panel from direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC) for household appliances or business uses.
- The Network meter records energy usage and excess energy produced.
- Excess energy not used by the house or premise is exported back to the Electric Grid.
*illustration for Grid-connected Solar Rooftop System Understanding NEM in 3 Questions 1. What is Net Energy Metering (NEM)? A mechanism to allow self-consumption of electricity generated by Solar Photo voltaic (PV) system, and sell excess of energy (kWh) to the Electric Grid at an “One-on-one offset” gazetted tariff.2.
What is new with NEM starting Jan 1st, 2019? “One-on-one offset” is introduced. It means every 1 kWh exported to the Grid will be offset against 1 kWh consumed from the Grid with gazetted tariff.3. What are the benefits? It helps your home or business to reduce electricity bills, protect against future energy rising cost.
For commercial/business, you would enjoy Green Energy Tax incentives too! I heard about Solar Tax Incentives, can you share the details? Commercial & Industrial owner can enjoy up to 48% in Tax Deduction with Solar PV installation. Find out more from or contact us for more details. Malaysia Solar Green Tax Incentives : Learn about Solar | Yongyang Solaroof – Solar Energy & Roofing Malaysia
How much sunlight does Malaysia get?
|Add Bookmark||Bright Future Dir.|
Climate & Temperature > Malaysia > Kuala Lumpur Climate > Sunshine/ Daylight Hrs/ Day Length
Temperatures Precipitation Sun/ Daylight
Humidity Graphs Map
January February March
April May June
July August September
October November December
ul> Hours of sunshine in Kuala Lumpur range between 4:54 for every day in November & 7:23 for each day in February The longest day of the year is 12:10 long and the shortest day is 11:49 long. The longest day is 0:21 longer than the shortest day. There is an average of 2228 hours of sunlight per year (of a possible 4383) with an average of 6:06 of sunlight per day. It is sunny 50.8% of daylight hours. The remaining 49.2% of daylight hours are likely cloudy or with shade, haze or low sun intensity. At midday the sun is on average 75° above the horizon at Kuala Lumpur.
|Average Sunlight Hours/ Day||06:11||07:23||06:30||06:18||06:17||06:36||06:30||06:17||05:36||05:17||04:54||05:23||06:06|
|Average Daylight Hours & Minutes/ Day||11:57||12:01||12:05||12:11||12:15||12:17||12:16||12:12||12:07||12:02||11:58||11:56||12:00|
|Sunny & (Cloudy) Daylight Hours (%)||52 (48)||62 (38)||54 (46)||52 (48)||52 (48)||54 (46)||54 (46)||52 (48)||47 (53)||44 (56)||41 (59)||46 (54)||51 (49)|
|Sun altitude at solar noon on the 21st day (°).||66.8||75.9||86.6||81.3||72.9||69.7||72.6||80.9||87.1||75.7||66.7||63.5||75|
Why renewable energy is important in Malaysia?
Save Energy, Save Money – Many corporations have been seen to purchase and install renewable generation resources on their properties through a long-term contract. Have you ever wondered why plenty of businesses are starting to rely on renewable energy? That is because it contains the environmental benefits and somehow, it saves the companies money too.
Keep reading to know more about its advantages. – Reduced Energy Bills – depends on how much power capacity they install and their energy usage on solar panels, wind turbines and other forms of renewable energy for their operations. – Conservation From Price Fluctuations – having a business that owns its own generation resources helps you to forecast costs confidently.
– Improve Energy Efficiency Initiatives – a business that aims to reduce energy use and save money usually will be pairing both renewable energy and energy efficiency together. – The Ability To Sell Energy To The Grid – if you sell renewable energy that is produced by your energy generation system to the grid, you may earn extra revenue that may help with offset cost of installing the solar panels.
– Enhance Investor Confidence And Reputation Among Customers – investing in renewables proves to investors that your company is forward-thinking, and you will earn both good company’s reputation among the consumers. – Lessen Risk In The Long Run – switching to renewables aid you in reducing energy bills, helps in combat climate change and help your company save money as well too.
Less Global Warming, Less Hot The occurrence of global warming is likely caused by human activities that overload the atmosphere with carbon dioxide, CO2 and other global warming emissions. The gaseous that collected on the air has become a trapping heat, which results in the rises on sea level, collection of harmful impacts, stronger and frequent storms and may reach to extinction as well.
However, with the presence of these renewable energy sources, it somehow would help to produce less carbon dioxide to no global warming emissions to the earth. Hence, by increasing the supply of renewable energy, it definitely would replace the carbon-intensive energy sources and markedly to diminish the unwanted global warming emission.
Clean Air, Healthy Malaysia It is a vital matter to understand the causes of air pollution in our country, Malaysia, in order for you to start rescuing the earth and restraining the pollution take place once again. Knowing that fossil fuels is a non-renewable, people still keep burning fossil fuels to generate energy and electricity for the sake of their properties.
When fossil fuels are releasing the harmful carbon particles to the air, it results in the imbalance of carbon levels in the earth. The imminent result is temperatures rising and making organisms unable to live longer due to polluted conditions. This unhealthy air may likely be linked to a couple of medical problems, such as having difficulty in breathing, brain damage, heart attacks, cancer and many more.
The use of renewable energy not only helps to restrain from upcoming medical issues but also reduce air pollution in some ways. Significantly, this renewable energy does not require any burning, thus there will be less carbon releasing into the air too.
Reliability and Resilience Renewables depend on different kinds of weather conditions before they can generate electricity and it is often turned out to be uncontrollable by human beings. To provide reliable electric service to consumers, a significant expansion of energy storage must be built on more transmission lines to transport renewable power from rich geographic areas.
When it comes to the context of resilience, it points out to the capability of grid to resist and quickly recover from low to high impact events – for instance, extreme weather, strong storms and flood. Hence, it is significant to ensure a good studying and planning for resilience within the context of the renewable dominated electric grid: – Rising Physical Vulnerability – Rising Reliance On Transmission And Distribution – Widen Definition Of Extreme Events – Climate Change – Other Decarbonisation Goals Read more on this South Dakota State University’s news about Maintaining reliability, resilience while integrating renewable energy, The non-renewable resources are materials that are carried in the biosphere and the earth’s crust, which utilise only once, and are unable to re-created in human time scale. Some of non-renewable sources are fossil fuels, minerals, fossil groundwater and animal species.
These resources either are consumed in the process or undergo irreversible change into a different form. It stated that 75 to 80% of non-renewable resources are mostly utilised in the industrialized world are wasted and its consumption is insignificant, inefficient or can be replaced by a renewable source.
Some of the problems occurred due to waste of non-renewable resources are: – Resource reduction – Waste of resources – Underutilized wastes – Electric wastes – Disposal of packaging waste – Unsustainable energy consumption Therefore, when you start switching to renewable resources, such as sun or wind, it is going to be far more effective at converting energy into electricity while keeping waste minimal.20% Renewable Energy Use By 2025 According to The Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change Ministry, Malaysia energy policy vision has been set to maximise the green industry in Malaysia by targeting to generate country’s electricity by 20% from renewable sources.
The Malaysian’s Electricity Supply Industry (ESI) transformation programme may help to improve customer experience initiative and prompt the country to go forward. Meanwhile, the recent total electricity production in Malaysia is calculated to be on an average of 24,000 MW at any one time. With the development of solar energy in Malaysia as a renewable energy source and equipped them on roofs, the nation’s may potentially generate more than the total electricity in the country.
She also believes the renewable energy in the present may reach to the great parity in electricity storage along with technology in a short period. The current renewable energy may boost the competitive spirit and make us become a first mover in the region, which not only supply the electricity in Malaysia but also empower us to do the business outside of Malaysia too.
Non-Renewable Energy Is Non-Renewable Non-renewable energy comes from sources that will utilise only once, and unable to replenish in the lifetime. All fossil fuels are formed in identical ways but they are produced in different forms. – Coal – Petroleum – Natural gas – Other renewable energy sources; nuclear energy and biomass energy When the organisms such as plants, algae and plankton in ancient wetlands died, they would drift to the bottom of sea or lake while there is still energy storing together with them.
By this, the dead organisms would survive to remain on the earth and eventually turn them into fossil fuels. In the meantime, there are enormous reservoirs of these non-renewable sources of energy located all over the world. On the other hand, having 100% pollution-free and produced from renewable sources such as sun, wind and water seems like a better way to live on.
So, do you want to switch to renewable energy? If you’ve decided to obtain clean energy and save our earth with renewable energy, then you are coming in the right place. Pitech is the best option that may help you with that. Pitech Group Progressive Impact technology Sdn Bhd (PITECH) is 100% Bumiputera’s company.
PITECH covers several automation segments, and one of them is general & renewal energy. Pitech’s solar power interconnection renewable energy offer: – Remote Terminal Unit – Switch gear – Control Relay Panel – Cable & Fibre Interconnection – Power Plant Controller – Scada System – Inverter Should you have any inquiries regarding our product and services, you may contact us or hit us up with our company’s careline number, 1800-88-4888.
Is solar panel worth it in Malaysia?
Nowadays, solar panels can convert around 20% of the energy. If that doesn’t sound like a lot, remember: You don’t have to pay for sunlight! Solar power generated at home can save you cost on electricity, as you source and consume electricity on your own, rather than buying it from the grid.
Is it worth to use solar panels at home?
When Are Solar Panels Worth It? – There are various ways solar panels pay off, from reducing your carbon footprint to increasing your home’s value. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) found that homes with solar power increased in value by $20 for every dollar saved on energy.
That is a 20-to-1 return on investment (ROI). There are, however, some instances when solar panels may not yield as high returns as you want. According to Garrett Nilsen, the deputy director of the U.S. Department of Energy ‘s Solar Energy Technologies Office, local electricity rates, your total system cost, and whether you pay up-front, take out a loan, or lease your system can all affect your ROI.
Changing compensation patterns with your local utility or an unexpected lapse in a system’s performance may cause your payback period to take longer. In these rare instances, Nilsen advises engaging with your installer to understand the expected production or why it’s not matching their estimate.
Can solar panel run car?
The Lightyear 0, a solar-electric passenger car scheduled to go into production in 2022 A solar car is a solar vehicle for use on public roads or race tracks. Solar vehicles are electric vehicles that use self-contained solar cells to power themselves fully or partially from sunlight.
Solar vehicles typically contain a rechargeable battery to help regulate and store the energy from the solar cells and from regenerative braking, Some solar cars can be plugged into external power sources to supplement the power of sunlight used to charge their battery. Solar cars combine technology typically used in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy and automotive industries.
The design of solar vehicles always emphasizes energy efficiency to make maximum use of the limited amount of energy they can receive from sunlight. Most solar cars have been built for the purpose of solar car races, However several prototypes of solar cars designed for use on public roads have been designed and built.
- There are various solar car competitions around the world that are generally partaken by collegiate and company teams.
- The most notable competitions is the World Solar Challenge, which is an international competition that takes place in Australia.
- Some other competitions include the American Solar Challenge and the United Solar Challenge.
As of September 2022, no solar cars have reached production, although the Lightyear 0 (a solar passenger car) is claimed by its manufacturers to be “production-ready”, and the Aptera ‘s production is expected to start in 2023. Solar cars depend on a solar array that uses photovoltaic cells (PV cells) to convert sunlight into electricity.
- Unlike solar thermal energy which converts solar energy to heat, PV cells directly convert sunlight into electricity.
- When sunlight (photons) strike PV cells, they excite electrons and allow them to flow, creating an electric current.
- PV cells are made of semiconductor materials such as silicon and alloys of indium, gallium and nitrogen.
Crystalline silicon is the most common material used and has an efficiency rate of 15–25%.